Technical Report 51, c4e-Preprint Series, Cambridge

An aromatic site description of soot particles

ref: Technical Report 51, c4e-Preprint Series, Cambridge

Associated Theme: Nanoparticles

Abstract

A new, advanced soot particle model is developed which describes soot particles by their aromatic structure including functional site descriptions and a detailed surface chemistry mechanism. A methodology is presented for the description of poly-aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) structures by their functional sites. The model is based on statistics which describe aromatic structural information in the form of easily computed correlations, which were generated using a kinetic Monte-Carlo algorithm to study the growth of single PAH molecules. A comprehensive surface reaction mechanism is presented to describe the growth and desorption of aromatic rings on PAHs. The model is capable of simulating whole particle ensembles which allows bulk properties such as soot volume fraction and number density to be found, as well as joint particle size and surface area distributions. The model is compared to the literature-standard soot model (Appel, Bockhorn and Frenklach, Combust. Flame, 121:122-136, 2000) in a plug-flow reactor and is shown to predict well the experimental results of soot mass, average particle size and particle size distributions at different flow times. Finally carbon/hydrogen ratio and the distribution of average PAH sizes in the ensemble, as predicted by the model, are discussed.

Material from this preprint has been published in: Combustion and Flame 155 (1-2 ), 161-180, (2008)

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