A Fast Detailed-Chemistry Modelling Approach for Simulating the SI-HCCI Transition

Authors: Jonathan E. Etheridge, Sebastian Mosbach, Markus Kraft*, H.Wu, and N.Collings


An established Stochastic Reactor Model (SRM) is used to simulate the transition from Spark Ignition (SI) to Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion mode in a four cylinder in-line four-stroke naturally aspirated direct injection SI engine with cam profile switching. The SRM is coupled with GT-Power, a one-dimensional engine simulation tool used for modelling engine breathing during the open valve portion of the engine cycle, enabling multi-cycle simulations. The mode change is achieved by switching the cam profiles and phasing, resulting in a Negative Valve Overlap (NVO), opening the throttle, advancing the spark timing and reducing the fuel mass as well as using a pilot injection. A proven technique for tabulating the model is used to create look-up tables in both SI and HCCI modes. In HCCI mode several tables are required, including tables for the first NVO, transient valve timing NVO, transient valve timing HCCI and steady valve timing HCCI and NVO. This results in the ability to simulate the transition with detailed chemistry in very short computation times. The tables are then used to optimise the transition with the goal of reducing NOx emissions and fluctuations in IMEP.

Keywords: homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), internal combustion engines, model optimisation, negative valve overlap (NVO), SI engine modelling, stochastic reactor model (SRM), tabulation,

Associated Project: Engines

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