Modelling soot formation in a premixed flame using an aromatic-site soot model and an improved oxidation rate

Abstract

An updated rate of O2 oxidation of one to four ring polyaromatic hydrocarbons in premixed flames is presented based on density function theory simulations of oxygen attack at different radical sites on various PAHs. The rate is in agreement with other rates found in the literature; however, it is several orders of magnitude lower than the currently accepted oxidation rate of multi-ring aromatic species, including soot. Simulations are presented of a premixed flame using this improved rate and a new advanced soot particle model, which is developed in this paper. This model includes unprecedented detail of the particles in the ensemble, including the aromatic content, C/H composition and primary-particle aggregate structure. The O2 oxidation rate calculated in this paper is shown to give a better prediction of particle number density and soot volume fraction for a premixed flame. The predicted particle size distributions are shown also to describe better the experimental data. Predicted C/H ratio and PAH size distributions are shown for the flame. Computed TEM-style images are compared to experimental TEM images, which show that the aggregate structure of the particles is well predicted.


Keywords: aromatic site, density functional theory (DFT), DFT, modelling, oxidation, PAH,

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