A Detailed Chemistry Simulation of the SI-HCCI Transition

Authors: Jonathan E. Etheridge, Sebastian Mosbach, Markus Kraft, H. Wu, and N. Collings


A Stochastic Reactor Model (SRM) has been used to simulate the transition from Spark Ignition (SI) mode to Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) mode in a four cylinder in-line four-stroke naturally aspirated direct injection SI engine with cam profile switching. The SRM is coupled with GT-Power, a one-dimensional engine simulation tool used for modelling engine breathing during the open valve portion of the engine cycle, enabling multi-cycle simulations. The model is initially calibrated in both modes using steady state data from SI and HCCI operation. The mode change is achieved by switching the cam profiles and phasing, resulting in a Negative Valve Overlap (NVO), opening the throttle, advancing the spark timing and reducing the fuel mass as well as utilising a pilot injection. Experimental data is presented along with the simulation results. The model is used to investigate key control parameters and their effects on parameters that are difficult to measure experimentally. The effect of the spark in the first HCCI cycles is found to have a major impact on the stability of the transition.

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Keywords: combustion, detailed chemistry, homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), ignition, internal combustion engines, modelling, negative valve overlap (NVO), SI engine modelling, stochastic reactor model (SRM),

Associated Project: Engines